Transformation of Sentence

Transformation Sentence

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Aziz Murad

Assertive to Interrogative

যেসব sentence দিয়ে সাধারণত বিবৃতি বোঝায় তাদের Assertive sentence বলে এবং যেসব sentence দিয়ে প্রশ্ন করা বোঝায় তাদের Interrogative sentence বলে। অর্থের পরিবর্তন না করে Assertive sentence-কে Interrogative sentence-এ রুপান্তরিত করার কিছু নিয়ম নিছে দেওয়া হলঃ

Rule 1: Auxiliary verb-যুক্ত affirmative assertive sentence-কে interrogative করার নিয়ম;

Structure: Auxiliary verb+ n’t+ subject+ extension (বাকী অংশ)+ ?

Example

Assertive: Sami is in the school.
Interrogative: Isn’t Sami in the school?

Assertive: Vumi can do the work.
Interrogative: Can’t Vumi do the work?

Rule 2: Auxiliary verb-যুক্ত negative assertive sentence-কে interrogative করার নিয়ম;

Structure: Auxiliary verb+ subject+ extension (বাকী অংশ)+ ?

Examples:
Assertive: Sami is not in the school.
Interrogative: Is Sami in the school?

Assertive: Rupa cannot do the work.
Interrogative: Can Rupa do the work?

Rule 3: Auxiliary verb-বিহীন assertive sentence-কে interrogative করার নিয়ম;

Structure: Don’t/doesn’t/didn’t (subject ও tense অনুযায়ী)+ subject+ Verb-এর present form+ extension (বাকী অংশ)+ ?

Examples:
Assertive: Mahi likes chocolate.
Interrogative: Doesn’t Mahi like chocolate?

Assertive: Bela went to market.
Interrogative:Didn’t Bela go to market?

Rule 4: Never-যুক্ত assertive sentence-কে interrogative করার জন্য Neverএর জায়গায় Ever হবে এবং শেষে প্রশ্নবোধক চিহ্ন বসে।

Examples:
Assertive: Maria never tells a lie.

Interrogative:Does Maria ever tell a lie?

Rule 5: Nothing-যুক্ত assertive sentence-কে interrogative করার জন্য Nothingএর জায়গায় anything হবে এবং শেষে প্রশ্নবোধক চিহ্ন বসে।

Examples:
Assertive: I know nothing.
Interrogative: Do I know anything?

Assertive: Tom had nothing to do.
Interrogative:Had Tom anything to do?

Note: Assertive sentence-এর subject হিসেবে Nothing  থাকলে এর জায়গায় what বসে।

Examples:
Assertive: Nothing is impossible.

Interrogative:What is impossible?

Rule  6: All/everybody/everyone-যুক্ত assertive sentence-কে interrogative করার নিয়ম;

Structure: Who(All/everybody/everyone-এর পরিবর্তে)+don’t/doesn’t/didn’t (subject ও tense অনুযায়ী)+ Verb-এর present form+ extension (বাকী অংশ)+ ?

Examples:
Assertive: Everybody likes a good health.
Interrogative: Who doesn’t like a good health?

Assertive: All respected you.
Interrogative: Who didn’t respect you?

Rule 7: No one/nobody/none-যুক্ত assertive sentence-কে interrogative করার নিয়ম;

Structure: Who (No one/nobody/none-এর পরিবর্তে)+ extension (বাকী অংশ)+ ?

Examples:
Assertive: Nobody can achieve success without hard-work.
Interrogative:Who can achieve success without hard-work?

Assertive: None could solve the problem.
Interrogative:Who could solve the problem?

Assertive to Imperative

Assertive to Imperative

Assertive sentence-কে Imperative sentence-এ রূপান্তর করতে হলে প্রথমে মূল verb এর present form বসে তারপর বাকি অংশ বসে। বাক্যটি negative হলে শুরুতে do not বসে।

Examples:
Assertive: You should speak the truth.
Imperative: Speak the truth.

Assertive: You should keep your promise.
Imperative: Keep your promise.

Assertive: You should not run in the sun.
Imperative: Do not run in the sun.

 

Some Exceptional/More Examples:

Assertive: You should have patience in danger.
Imperative:Have patience in danger.

Assertive: I desire you to lend me your pencil, please.
Imperative:Lend me your pencil, please.

Assertive: I propose that we should go out for a walk.
Imperative:Let us go out for a walk.

Assertive to Optative

Assertive to Optative

Assertive sentence-কে Optative sentence-এ রূপান্তর করতে হলে নিচের structure অনুযায়ী করা হয়;

Structure: May+ subject+ principal verb+ বাকি অংশ

Examples:
Assertive: You will shine in life.
Optative: May you shine in life.

Assertive: We wish that you get A+ in the exam.
Optative: May you get A+ in the exam.

Assertive to Exclamatory

Assertive to Exclamatory

নিন্মলিখিত নিয়ম অনুযায়ী Assertive sentence-কে Exclamatory sentence-এ রূপান্তর করা হয়ঃ

Rule 1: Assertive sentence-এ verb এর পর a/an থাকলে নিচের Structure অনুযায়ী পরিবর্তন করা হয়;

Structure: What+ a/an+ adjective+ subject+ verb+ + বাকি অংশ+ ! (note of exclamation)

Examples:
Assertive:It is a very nice place.
Exclamatory: What a nice place it is!

Assertive:It was a very nice fruit.
Exclamatory: What a nice fruit it was!

Rule 2: Assertive sentence-এ verb এর পর a/an না থাকলে নিচের Structure অনুযায়ী পরিবর্তন করা হয়;

Structure: How+ adjective+ subject+ verb+ + বাকি অংশ+ ! (note of exclamation)

Examples:
Assertive:It is very nice place.
Exclamatory: How nice place it is!

Assertive:Marina is very greedy.
Exclamatory: How greedy Marina is!

Rule 3: Assertive sentence-এ wish থাকলে নিচের Structure অনুযায়ী পরিবর্তন করা হয়;

Structure: If/had (subject, wish-এর পরিবর্তে)+ subject+ বাকি অংশ+ ! (note of exclamation)

Example

Assertive:I wish I were a fairy.
Exclamatory: If I were a fairy!

Assertive:I wish I had the wings of a dove.
Exclamatory: Had I the wings of a dove!

 

Some Exceptional/More Examples:

Assertive:It is shameful that Rita does not obey her parents.
Exclamatory: Fie!Rita does not obey her parents.

Assertive:I am very desirous of meeting you once again.
Exclamatory: Oh, how much I desire to meet you once again!

Assertive:I wish I had only a friend to support me.
Exclamatory: If I had a friend to support me!

Exclamatory to Assertive

Exclamatory to Assertive

নিন্মলিখিত নিয়ম অনুযায়ী Exclamatory sentence-কে Assertive sentence-এ রূপান্তর করা হয়ঃ

Rule 1: What/How-যুক্ত Exclamatory sentence-কেAssertive করতে নিচের Structure অনুযায়ী পরিবর্তন করা হয়;

Structure: Subject+ verb+ a (what)+ very/great+ adjective+ বাকি অংশ

Example

Exclamatory: What a good job it was!
Assertive:It was a very good job.

Exclamatory: How fool Mita is!
Assertive:Mita is a great fool.

Rule 2: Hurrah-যুক্ত Exclamatory sentence-কেAssertive করতে নিচের Structure অনুযায়ী পরিবর্তন করা হয়;

Structure: Subject+ rejoice that+ Hurrah-এর পর বাকি অংশ।

or, Hurrah-এর পরিবর্তে it is a matter of great joy that বসে।

Examples:
Exclamatory: Hurrah! We are winner.
Assertive:We rejoice that We are winner.

Exclamatory: Hurrah! I have caught a fish.
Assertive:It is a matter of great joy that I have caught a fish.

Rule 3: If-যুক্ত Exclamatory sentence-কেAssertive করতে নিচের Structure অনুযায়ী পরিবর্তন করা হয়;

Structure: Subject+ wish+ if-এর পর বাকি অংশ।

Examples:
Exclamatory: If I were a fairy!
Assertive:I wish I were a fairy.

Rule 4: Had-যুক্ত Exclamatory sentence-কেAssertive করতে নিচের Structure অনুযায়ী পরিবর্তন করা হয়;

Structure: Subject+ wish+Subject+ had+ had-এর পর বাকি অংশ।

Examples:
Exclamatory: Had I been a school student again!
Assertive: I wish I had been a school student again.

Rule 5: Alas-যুক্ত Exclamatory sentence-কেAssertive করতে Alas-এর পরিবর্তে it is a matter of great sorrow that+ বাকি অংশ বসে।

Example

Exclamatory: Alas! I am undone.
Assertive:It is a matter of great sorrow that I am undone.

Some Exceptional/More Examples: (Including Vice Versa)

Exclamatory: O, what a misery is in store for me!
Assertive:A great misery is in store for me.

Exclamatory: Woe to the traitor to his country!
Assertive:Let woe befall the traitor to his country.

……………………………….

Assertive: Good morning!
Exclamatory: I wish you good morning.

Assertive:Away with you, you scoundrel!
Exclamatory:You are a scoundrel, and must go away at once.

Assertive: To think of our meeting here!
Exclamatory: It is strange that we should meet here.

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